The flag of the United States is "Star-Spangled Banner" called (English Star-Spangled Banner, Stars and Stripes nickname). It consists of 7 red and 6 white stripes to represent the 13 founding states, and from a blue flag field ("Gosch") in the upper left corner, which currently has 50 white stars represent the 50 states of the USA. According to § 2 of the Law of the United States flag after receiving another State with effect from the following fourth July (Independence Day), another star added.
The colors red, white and blue have their origin in the Union Jack as the flag of the English colonies. Its symbolism in the stars and stripes is: white for purity and innocence (purity and innocence), red for valor and hardiness (valor and hardiness), and blue for vigilance, perseverance and justice (vigilance, perseverance, justice)
The flag will be sung in the national anthem of the United States The Star-Spangled Banner. On 14 June is committed there the Flag Day ("Flag Day"), but only in the Pennsylvania and American Samoa (June 17) is national holiday.
Origins and History of the American Flag
At the time of independence movements and unrest in the late 18th Century, there were in the thirteen English colonies in America different revolution flags as a symbol of togetherness. One of the most important of these flags can be also viewed as a predecessor of the first Union Flag was the Sons of Liberty Flag from 1775. She was used by the Sons-of-Liberty-activists to demonstrate the unity of the colonies. It consisted initially of nine vertical stripes that were alternately colored red and white. These strips were probably for the nine colonies that sent representatives to the Stamp Act Congress of 1765, has been on the public demonstrations against the British Stamp Act. Later there was a flag consists of thirteen horizontal stripes now that were also stained alternately.
During the first years of the Revolution continued increasing through the Continental flag, which is also known as the Grand Union flag. It was based on the Sons of Liberty flag with 13 red and white stripes and also included the British Union Jack in the naval jack. So that they could by sewing white stripes relatively easily produced from the Red Ensign of the Royal Navy. Since the flag has enormous resemblance to that of the British East India Company, was occasionally suspected that it was the design of the Continental Flag Godfather. Where the flag was actually her look will no longer be out in conclusion.
The Second Continental Congress adopted on 14 June 1777, ie a year after the Declaration of Independence in Philadelphia, a resolution to the appearance of the flag of the United States. She said that the flag has thirteen stripes, which are colored alternately red and white. In addition to the unity of the states are represented by thirteen stars, which are located in a blue box. Neither the arrangement of the stars, nor the number of its rays was set so that it initially gave some interpretations of the flag. So the stars were arranged in rows, for example, or a circle, as in the design of pretending to be from Elizabeth (Betsy) Ross, a seamstress from Philadelphia flag. This draft is today, but the Congress members and co-signer of the Declaration of Independence, Francis Hopkinson attributed. Also in its design, which is therefore called the Francis Hopkinson flag, the naval jack the 13 white stars were displayed in staggered columns on blue background. The thirteen stripes were retained.
Between 1795 and 1814 were Vermont and Kentucky to the Union, so that the flag was now 15 stars and 15 stripes, which were arranged in rows. They blew the War of 1812 over Fort McHenry in Baltimore Harbor and inspired Francis Scott Key (1779-1843) in the night of 13 To the song, The Star-Spangled Banner, the 1931 law by Congress as the national anthem September 1813th
Flag of Fort Sumter, 1861.
1818, Congress decided to limit the number of stripes on 13, but on the other hand for each newly added state on 4 July insert after joining a new star. About the formation of stars and their color (white or gold, especially in the Civil War) was not taken control. Therefore emerged in the 19th Century, various flags, each with a different arrangement of the stars in the upper left corner on, such as the Great Star Flag from 1837, when the stars were arranged in the form of a big star, or the Fort Sumter Flag, at the beginning of the Civil War 1861 blew and showed the stars in a diamond shape. The most striking pattern contained the draft of the 38 Star Flag of 1877, in which a central star (for Colorado) was surrounded by two rings of stars.
Until 1912, the drawing was (at the time) now 48 stars in series form and its white color to the official standard.
1942, Congress passed a law (United States Flag Code, Public Law 77-826), which requires a fixed code of conduct for dealing with the flag - including the speed at which it is raised and caught up and when during the school day to be hoisted in schools is.
1953 allowed a change this code to hoist the flag of the United Nations Convention on the Stars and Stripes.
On 4 July 1960, the flag was last amended after 3 Alaska and on 21 January 1959 August 1959 to the 49th Hawaii or 50 State of the United States have been declared.
On 31 May 2002, the Navy Secretary Gordon R. England, the First Navy Jack declared the official naval jack of the United States Navy in the war on terror.