The today's flag of Egypt shows three horizontal, same wide stripes in red, white and black with the golden (yellow) Eagle of Saladin, and was hoisted up in her today's form on 4th of October in 1984.
The styling of the flag goes back to the after the abolition of the monarchy in the year 1952 introduced Arabic liberation flag. The eagle in the today's flag is, how in the Arabic liberation flag, too, the sign of the sultan Saladin and his descendants, the Aijubide-Kalifs, and is an idol-figure of the Arabian unity, too. He sustains today a breast shield, which is colored in the colors of the flag, and holds a font-ribbon with the name of the state in its claws. Specially for Egypt the colors have the following meaning, too: red remembers the fights in the revolution abd the thereby given blood, white stands for a shining future and black for the dark past.
The flag history of Egypt: The flag of the Turkish vice kingdom of Egypt (1867-1882) is clearly from Turkish origin, how it is to see in the coloration and the symbols. The flag of the Kingdom of Egypt goes back to the Islamic green, but the Islamic symbolism remembers even slightly the Turkish times. The green should remind the fruitful Nile delta, too. This flag was in use till 1958, so as well after the end of the kingdom (1952). The flag of the UAR (1958-1961) shows three stripes in red, white and black, which were already officially introduced in Egypt in 1952, with the introduction of the Arabic liberation flag, completed by two stars, from them the one stands for Egypt and the other for Syria. Even after the end of the UAR (1961) Egypt maintaines this flag till 1972. In context with the formation of the "Federation of Arabic republics" between Libya, Egypt and Syria in the year 1972, was arranged, that these three states have to use red-black-white flags, which show in the center a golden hawk. The only difference should be the name of the respective state in the font ribbon, which holds the hawk in his claws. Egypt introduced such a flag in 1972, and maintained her until 1984 (Libya until 1977, Syria until 1980).
The colour-set of four green, white, black and red is a special arabian coloursymbol, the Panarabian colours. The (Pan) Arabian colours were officially introduced by the sherif Hussein from Mekka ? out of the lineage of the Hashemides ? as colours of the Arabian Movement, during the 1st World War at the sezession of the kingdom Hedjas from the Osmanic Empire. As pattern served the flag of Hedjas.
The colours have the following meaning: Red is the colour of Omar, the second calif; white stands for the Omajiades, a calif-dynasty, which is going back to the fifth calif Moawija I.; green stands for the Fatimides, a ismailitic-shiit calif-dynasty, which is going back to the fourth calif Ali; and black stands for the Abbasides, a calif-dynasty, which is going back to the calif Abbas I. Red is moreover the colour of the Haschemides, an arabian sovereign-dynasty, which is probably going back to Haschim ibn Abd al-Manaf, the grandfather of Mohammed. Green is also generally the color of Islam, and refers with this not only to the Arabic countries.
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