From November 1959 until the 30th of November in 1975 the today's flag was already the national flag of Dahomey. On the 30th of November in 1975 the land was renamed in Benin.
The on this day introduced, and until the 1st of August in 1990 maintained green flag with the red star, correlates the inversion of colours of the red banner of the Revolutionar People's Party of Benin. The green on this flag stood for the agriculture, the red for the revolution and socialism, and the red star itself for the national unity. The flag of Dahomey is reintroduced since the 1st of August in 1990. She consists in a vertical green stripe near the pole and two horizontal stripes in yellow and red in the flying end of the flag.
? The colours green, yellow and red are the panafrican colours. Perhaps in 1900 was the beginning of the Panafrica-Movement, wich wants to emphasize the commons of all people with black skin. The colour-triad green-yellow-red, which used many African and even American countries in their flags after the independence, stands for the political unity of Africa, of all black People. The first country was Ghana in 1957. As the origin apply the colours of Ethiopia (Abessinia), the oldest independent state in Africa.
? The colors yellow and green symbolize the separation between the arid, northern part of the savannas and the southern, humid part of Benins with his palm tree woods. The both parts are bonded with red, the shed blood. Red stands for the national union, too.
The shield of the coat of arms of Benin is quartered. In the first silvery field are depicted typical homes, in the second silvery field the supreme order of the land, in the third silvery field a coconut palm, and in the fourth silvery field a black sailing ship with three masts on blue waves. The quarters of the coat of arms stand with this for the people, glorious history, commercial production and trade. In the middle of the shield is positioned a little red lozenge.
Shield holders are two golden panthers. Above the shield are to see two black cornucopias, and corncobs peep out of them. On a silvery motto ribbon below the scutcheon the motto: "Fraternité, Justice, Travail" => "brotherliness, justice, labor". The today's coat of arms was already introduced for Dahomey in the year 1964, and like the flag of Dahomey, confirmed on the 1st of August in 1990.
In the years 1975?1990 the coat of arms showed a green disk, surround by a garland from corncobs, which were bonded with a red ribbon. In the upper part of the green disk was a red five-jagged star and in the lower part, directly on the border of the disk, the blade of a circular saw.
Text mit freundlicher Genehmigung von Flaggenlexikon.de
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